Rwanda Red Cross food, nutrition and livelihoods activities vary greatly depending on the context. Spanning from relief, recovery, and rehabilitation to development the activities intend to combat both transient and chronic food and nutrition insecurity.
Responses to disaster
In the aftermath of disasters, Rwanda Red Cross seeks to save lives with immediate response activities but at the same time integrating risk reduction measures in order to build resilience of affected communities from day one. Linking the relief, recovery, rehabilitation, and development phase in the aftermath of disasters in a way that they flow into one another is thereby in the centre of the Rwanda Red Cross community resilience approach.
Rapid response interventions include distribution of foods, Agriculture inputs(seeds and tools), as well as cash and livelihood distribution. However, as it is very important to protect and/or restore people’s livelihoods, interventions such as provision of livestock and land, supporting and reinforcement of erosion control activities such us terracing, planting agroforestry trees, and income-generating activities are also part of the RRC’s activities to address food and nutrition security, depending on the context, the type of disaster, and the capacity of National Societies and volunteers.
Preparedness and risk reduction with long-term programmes
Chronic food insecurity and malnutrition remains a key obstacle in the development agenda.
In order to improve Food Security within community, the National Society has been employing sustainable integrated solutions. Supporting communities where necessary and try to find context specific solutions to the problems of the affected community with community-based initiatives for improving the availability, accessibility and utilization of food.
They also foster awareness raising and knowledge enhancement on improved agriculture techniques on small scale, balance diet and other livelihoods economic activities to improve the living conditions of food insecure and malnourished communities. Factors such as recurrent droughts, conflicts, chronic poverty, HIV/AIDS and its impact on labour forces, unemployment, lack of agricultural infrastructure, water scarcity, pest invasion or environmental degradation and the impact of climate change are thereby taken into consideration while developing the projects and programmes.